Green Day was formed in 1987 by Billie Joe Armstrong and Mike Dirnt, with Sean Hughes replacing Dirnt a year later. Tre Cool replaced Al Sobrante as the drummer shortly after the release of Green Day's debut album, 39/Smooth, in 1990. The success of the album, combined with exposure from numerous tour dates in '92 and '93 caught the attention of Reprise Records. While some of Green Day's fans considered them sellouts for signing to a major label, the move created one of the most influential punk albums of the past few decades: Dookie. Recorded in three weeks and released in 1994, the album won a Grammy for Best Alternative Album, its singles were heavily played on MTV, and it was eventually certified diamond. It also gained Green Day some of the most memorable tour dates of their career, including a mud-filled set at Woodstock 1994 and a violent tour date in Boston.
When Green Day's next three albums, Insomniac, Nimrod, and Warning were released, audiences confused the band's changed style with a loss of edge. Despite a slight decline in popularity, Green Day performed hugely popular tour dates during those years, including performances on the Warped Tour. It wasn't until the release of American Idiot in 2004 that the aforementioned albums became apart of a larger musical evolution. The record was written as a concept album that dealt with the rebellion and dissatisfaction of young people; released ten years after Dookie, Green Day reintroduced themselves to a new generation of disenfranchised youth.
While the wait for Green Day's next album was the longest fans had to endure, it was well worth it. 21st Century Breakdown was released in 2009 to critical acclaim, and quickly became the band's highest charting album to date. The fans responded enthusiastically; not only by clearing record store shelves, but also on the following world wide tour. This included a few secret shows under the alias Foxboro Hot Tubs, where lucky listeners were treated to new material. These songs would later form the basis for the trilogy of albums, ¡Uno!, ¡Dos!, and ¡Tré!, each released within a month of each other in 2012.